Feminism… Thoughts! 0.4
Hello, y’all! I pray all is well. So today, we’ll pick up our article on feminism where we left off. If you haven’t read the prequels, please do. Let’s get right to it.
We left off talking about how Latina women were also fighting for women’s rights while promoting social reform.
Continuance of Feminism
The Peroration of The First Wave
Finally, after the ratification of the 19th Amendment, the impelling force of the first wave began to decline. For a number of the women, the 19th Amendment was the major legislative achievement they had been fighting for.
Nevertheless, other women continued to advocate for their rights within local organizations and special interest groups. Militant suffragist and National Woman’s Party founder Alice Paul considered that the 19th Amendment was not enough to ensure women’s full equality. In 1923, she presented the Equal Rights Amendment to Congress for solidifying women’s constitutional rights.
However, many other feminists opposed this legislation because it put women’s labour protections at risk. These ideological discrepancies further separated feminists, as this part of the movement came to a close. The next sustained large-scale feminist surge would not be until the second wave in the 1960s.
Feminism… The Second Wave
After the ratification of the 19th amendment in 1920, which granted women the right to vote, the first wave of feminism significantly diminished. Although many of these feminists continued to fight for women’s rights. The next prolonged feminist movement is believed to have begun in the 1960s. Much like the first wave that emerged during a period of social reform, the second wave also surfaced amidst other social and political movements.
Moreover, in the middle of the first and the second wave, French feminist author Simone de Beauvoir published a foundational book that is believed to set the tone for the next surge of women’s rights activism. Published in 1949, her book entitled “The Second Sex,” provided extensive explanations of womanhood and delineated how women have historically been treated as second to men. Originally published in France, “The Second Sex” quickly became a phenomenon and was published in the United States in 1953. Beauvoir was not only a feminist writer but she was also considered a philosopher because her writings often answered complex and philosophical questions. In “The Second Sex,” she questions, “What is a woman?” Ultimately, she determined that “one is not born but becomes a woman.”